Aquaculture is the practice of rearing, breeding and subsequent harvest of aquatic species, which can either be animals or plants, in a controlled aquatic environment such as oceans and manmade ponds and tanks. Aquaculuture serves quite a host of purposes and some of these are such as food production, restoration of endangered species, aids in the building of aquariums alongside a number of environmental benefits that the practice comes with. Read on and see some of the types of aquaculture and how they happen to be important.
Mariculture is one of the kinds of aquaculture and this is that practice of aquaculture that involves the use of marine water. This can be done next to the ocean in which case there is a sectioned off part of the ocean or it can be in ponds separate from the water body but this must be containing sea water anyway. In such kinds of ponds we can have a number of the different kinds of sea life bred and some of these are such as the aquatic mammals such as molluscs and the other sea food options such as the prawns and shellfish alongside the breeding of the aquatic plant life such as seaweed. The economic benefits of breeding such plants and animals is seen in the fact that there will be a lot of applications that these plants will have in the manufacturing field. Collagen collected from the seaweed is an ingredient used in the cosmetic industry for the manufacture of beauty products such as facial creams and the pearls that are picked from the molluscs happen to be used for the making of fashion items.
The other kind of aquaculture that is rather common is that of fish farming. Talking of fish farming as a form of aquaculture, this is generally the practice of selective breeding of fish, either in fresh or sea water with the main objective of getting an alternative food source. In fact this is the very reason why it has proved to be so popular, given the fact that it provides an alternative source of cheap protein.
The other type of the practice of aquaculture is that known as integrated multitrophic aquaculture, also known as IMTA. By and large, this is one system of aquaculture that happens to be a little more complex looking at the fact that in it there will be a mix of the different trophic levels in the system to avail different nutritional needs for the organism that will be in the system. Generally speaking, IMTA is considered an efficient system looking at the fact that with it there is actually created an environment that is somewhat a replica of the natural habitat.
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